CATALONIA

A BRIEF OVERVIEW

Despite its small size, Catalonia has a long history. From the Pyrenees to the Mediterranean coast, the variety of landscape has long earned Catalonia fame, offering visitors an infinite number of possibilities. Its cities are full of delights, whilst its villages, its beauty spots and its traditions evoke times past whose traces still remain.

The geographical position of Catalonia, the doorway between the Iberian Peninsula and Central Europe, has given it a decidedly pro-European stance, reflected in whole-hearted commitment to the European Union.

Ours is a country of more than seven and a half million inhabitants, with over one thousand years of history and its own language and culture, giving Catalonia its own personality. The famous industrial and productive strength of Catalonia has always gone with a high standard of living index of initiative and progress, particularly in the fields of applications and sciences –from medicine to juridical sciences, passing through chemistry, engineering, linguistics, tourism, agriculture and livestock, navy, the food industries and all kind of services.

Catalans have always been ready to receive people with open arms. We are pleased to welcome people from all over the world to show them our land and traditions. We hope you enjoy your stay.

 

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CATALONIA

CULTURAL TOURISM

Catalonia has over one thousand years of history, its own language and its own institutions. Together with its important architectonic and artistic heritage invite you to explore the country. There are many routes to discover Catalonia. We recommend you to visit the following places:

 

1. THE ROUTE OF THE IBERIANS

In the last years we have rediscovered the Iberian culture, developed between the 6th and 1rst centuries BC. In the settlements of the Route of the Iberians, such as Ullastret, Olèrdola and the Citadel of the town of Calafell among others, visitors can discover the Iberian culture and traditions. Museum of Arqueology of Catalonia→

2. CATALONIA AND THE ROMANS

In the 3rd century BC, wars against Cartago made Romans arrive the ancient Greek colony of Emporion (at present called Empúries) and they began to expand All over Catalonia →.  In 2000, the archaeological ensemble of Tárraco (Tarragona) was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

3. THE CATALAN ROMANESQUE ART

Catalonia preserves more than 2,000 Romance works such as churches, monasteries and civil building, a unique paint collection in the world kept in the National Art Museum of Catalonia →. Don’t miss visiting the Catalan Romanesque churches of the Vall de Boí →, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

4. THE ROUTE OF THE CATHARS

The cathars also known as good men, escaped from the Crusade and the Inquisition (in Occitany) to Catalan territories, crossing the Pyrenees, to seek refuge between the 12th and 14th centuries. A route signalled as GR-107 (Long distance route) connects the sanctuary of Queralt, close to Berga village, with the mythical castle of Montsegur, in the French department of Ariège, through the natural Park of Cadí-Moixeró. Route of the Cathars →.

5. JEWISH CATALONIA

The Jewish Communities → communities had an important role in the social, economic and political life of Catalonia from the 10th century on. In the last years, part of their legacy has been recovered after being forgotten since 1492, when Jews were expulsed from Spain. Girona offers you guided tours through the Call de Girona one of the most interesting Jewish quarters in Europe.  Call de Girona →

6. THE RUTA DEL CISTER

There are three Cistercians monasteries in Catalonia located in Santes Creus, Poblet (Unesco’s World Heritage Site) and Vallbona de les Monges. These monasteries make up a route → that includes a visit to the most important surrounding Medieval villages.

7. “DOMUS TEMPLI”, THE KNIGHTS TEMPLARS’ DOMINIONS

In Catalonia, the  templars → conquered cities of major strategic importance such as Tortosa or Lleida. Templars’ heritage include fortified houses, towers and villages, castles and cities such as Miravet or Lleida (castle of Gardeny) of great historic value.

8. MODERNISME WALKING TOURS

The modernisme català → (known worldwide as Art Nouveau Movement), developed between the last decades of the 19th and the first of the 20th centuries as a wide cultural movement. It embraces all arts: music, literature, painting, sculpture and architecture. Antoni Gaudí is the best-known artist and architect of this style. However, we find other important artists such as Lluís Domènech i Montaner, Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Josep Maria Jujol.

9. DALÍ: THE THREE MUSEUMS

An introduction to the world of the genius painter Salvador Dalí → . You can visit the places where he lived and enjoy part of the artist’s legacy: the Theatre-Museum in Figueres, the castle of Púbol and the house in Portlligat (Cadaqués). We remind you that 2004 was declared Dalí Year.

 

MUSEUMS

MNAC | MUSEU NACIONAL D’ART DE CATALUNYA

mnac.cat →

 

MACBA | MUSEU D’ART CONTEMPORANI DE BARCELONA

macba.es →

 

MHC | MUSEU D’HISTÒRIA DE CATALUNYA

http://mhcat.cat →

 

MUHBA | MUSEU D’HISTÒRIA DE BARCELONA

museuhistoria.bcn.cat →

 

SAGRADA FAMILIA

http://sagradafamilia.cat/ →

 

ICUB | BARCELONA CANAL CULTURA

Visit website →

 

COURSES

CONSORTIUM FOR THE LINGUISTIC NORMALIZATION

General information
C/ Mallorca, 272, 8è
08037 Barcelona

Telephone:
93 272 31 00

E-mail:
acollida@cpnl.cat

Web:
cpnl.cat →

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LANGUAGES SERVICE

 

 

LIBRARIES

LIBRARIES FINDER

Visit website →

 

NEIGHBOURHOODS

GETTING TO KNOW THE NEIGHBOURHOODS IN BARCELONA

planol-districtes


Ciutat Vella
Ciutat Vella is the Barcelona’s historical centre. It is subdivided into four large neighbourhoods: the Barceloneta, el Casc Antic (old town centre), the Barri Gòtic (Gothic quarter) and the Raval. Ciutat Vella is a densely populated district with a high building density. Few years ago, it was launched a plan to rehabilitate and modernise the historical centre. As a result, a growth of business and leisure activities has been achieved.

Eixample
The Eixample (Extension) district is the heart of the city. It houses the neighbourhoods of Sant Antoni, Fort Pienc, Sagrada Família, la Dreta de l’Eixample (the right side of the Eixample) and l’Esquerra de l’Eixample (the left side of the Eixample). It is known because of its urban distribution which was designed by the civil engineer Ildefons Cerdà. Originally, it was conceived as a middle-class residential area. The Eixample is characterized by houses with high roofs and long straight streets arranged into a grid of wide avenues and short square blocks to guarantee the people the maximum amount of sunlight.
Gràcia
Gràcia district is the centre of an old town which was annexed to Barcelona in the late XIX century. The district is bounded by the Eixample on the south, and the Collserola mountain range that surrounds Barcelona from north to west. Gràcia houses six neighbourhoods: Gràcia, el Coll, Vallcarca, La Salut, Penitents and Camp d’en Grassot. Gràcia is one of the Barcelona’s most active districts because of the richness of its associations and its cultural offer.
Horta-Guinardó
Horta-Guinardó district is located in the northeast of Barcelona city. District geographic position defines its urban organisation. It houses twelve heterogeneous neighbourhoods that are relatively independent from each other. Urban development and population increase took place in the 1950’s. It is located close to some of the city gardens and parks and has lots of little shops and stores.
Les Corts
Les Corts district is located in the northwest of Barcelona city. It is one of the areas which were annexed to Barcelona in the late XIX century. The Diagonal, famous avenue, divides Les Corts into two parts. Les Corts offers a complex urban landscape with residential areas such as Pedralbes, the residential area par excellence, and the university campus area, with its many faculties and schools belonging to the Universitat de Barcelona and the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. The most commercial and popular area is the Maternitat neighbourhood and the historical centre.

Nou Barris
The Nou Barris district is located on the outskirts of the city, in the northeast periphery. It is located in an area, once mainly rural, which historically was on the outskirts of Barcelona. Its neighbourhoods sprang up during the XX century. Nou Barris is a young district which has developed its own personality and its own neighbours’ associations.

Sant Andreu
Sant Andreu is located in the northeast of Barcelona. Districts limits are the Besòs river and the towns of Sant Adrià and Santa Coloma. The oldest neighbourhood, Sant Andreu, was a town added to the city in the late XIX century. It is made up of seven neighbourhoods that have different origins and different developments. At present time, Sant Andreu encourages many business activities although it respects the important industrial tradition of its historical beginnings.

Sant Martí

Sant Martí district is located in the southeast of Barcelona. District limits are the Besòs river and the town of Sant Adrià. Four clearly defined areas make up Sant Martí: the Clot-Camp de l’Arpa, La Verneda, the Poblenou and Besòs neighbourhoods. This district has undergone a planning transformation which has affected the 22@ area and has implied the recovery of the sea front (Olimpic Village, Diagonal Mar, Fòrum …).

Sants-Montjuïc
The Sants-Montjuïc district is located in the southwest of Barcelona, bounded by two cities: l’Hospitalet de Llobregat and el Prat de Llobregat. It holds a large part of the Montjuïc mountain, the port and the Zona Franca industrial estate, which are not inhabited. The inhabited area is divided into distinguishable parts due to: its process of constructing, its population -made up of people with different origins-, and its strong associative and historic tradition.

Sarrià-Sant Gervasi

Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district is located on the highest part of the city, at the foot of Collserola Park. The neighbourhoods of Sant Gervasi, Sarrià, Vallvidrera and Les Planes are old towns that were annexed to Barcelona in the late XIX and early XX centuries. A large number of important schools, renowned private hospitals and reputated advertising companies are situated in Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district.

CULTURE & LEISURE IN L’HOSPITALET DE LLOBREGAT

L’HOSPITALET DE LLOBREGAT

A bit of history

The earliest significant traces of civilization found in L’Hospitalet are remains which date back to the 4th century BC and belong to Iberian culture, although some from the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras have been uncovered in the Llobregat valley. We have also found numerous Roman remains, from the 2nd century BC and forward, such as Medusa’s Head.

In the 10th century the term “Provençana” (the town’s first name) was first used in written documents. By then, the territorial borders extended to two times the current size: in the north they would reach the Collserola Mountains and the town of Esplugues; in the east, they’d stretch to Sarrià, Sants and the harbour; and in the east, they’d extend to the Llobregat River.

The origins of modern-day L’Hospitalet can be traced back to two main hubs which emerged during the 12th century around the Santa Eulàlia de Provençana church (the Santa Eulàlia district) and around the Hospital de la Torre Blanca (the downtown district).

L’Hospitalet was a traditionally agricultural town up until late 18th century, when the first textile factories were built. In the early 20th century, the town underwent a significant industrialization and experienced an astonishing demographic increase. On the 15th December, 1925, King Alfonso XIII officially recognized it as a city.

During the Franco regime, L’Hospitalet once again saw its population rise dramatically. The city became the second most populated township in the whole of Catalonia. This sudden growth was not met by a proper reconditioning of the city, which was in severe need of services. Soon, the citizens decided to take their worries to the streets in order to demand better living conditions. Since then, L’Hospitalet is is synonymous with solidarity, shelter and struggle.

Once the democratic local governments were reinstated, the city started to change. The streets were urbanized, new facilities were installed, and several schools, sports centres, marketplaces and parks were built. Once the most basic needs had been met, in the late 90s L’Hospitalet experienced its second major transformation, which turned it into a true modern city, appealing to new business activities, with improved transport systems and facilities: a city of central importance in the metropolitan area of Barcelona. Now the city is undertaking a new challenge: turn its economy and culture into the new driving forces.
 

 

MUSEUMS

MUSEU DE L’HOSPITALET

MDL’H.cat →

 

CENTRE D’ART TECLA SALA

CATS.cat →

 

FUNDACIÓ ARRANZ BRAVO

Fundació Arranz-Bravo →

 

COURSES

CENTRE DE NORMALITZACIÓ LLINGÜÍSTICA de L’HOSPITALET

cnll’h.cat →

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LANGUAGES SERVICE

Escola Oficial d’Idiomes →

 

LIBRARIES

LIBRARIES FINDER – L’HOSPITALET

Visit website →

 

 

NEIGHBOURHOODS

GETTING TO KNOW THE NEIGHBOURHOODS IN L’HOSPITALET

planol-districtes


Bellvitge
Over fifty years of history and protest: Bellvitge maintains its popular nature and boasts a great social life. The neighbourhood features prestigious hospitals, the health university campus and important sports centres and hotel resorts. The Romanesque chapel is not to be missed.
Can Serra
Can Serra, the city’s most visible hill. Its white towers overlook L’Hospitalet, reaching as far as the sea, between a trio of parks: Can Boixeres, Can Cluset and Les Planes. An outspoken, political district, they have turned the Carpa square into their centre and site of events and celebrations.
Centre
L’Hospitalet’s historic centre. Home to most of the city’s administrative and cultural centres, the Xiperet Street museums, the popular Just Oliveras rambla and the La Farga shopping mall and activities centre, a venue that holds important concerts and trade fairs.
Collblanc
This district is known for its intense shopping activity and its iconic market. The best players in the contemporary theatre scene have their works performed year after year at the Teatre Joventut. It is also the gateway to the northern university campus and, thanks to the recently built L9 metro line, to the Prat Airport. Close to everything!
El Gornal
Gornal stands for the most modern social architecture. It is home to city facilities such as the Music School-Arts Centre as well as first rate, professional sports infrastructures. This district is no longer what it once was: it has become so much more!
Granvia sud
Southern gateway to the city, it is the smallest district in terms of population and area. The transformation of the Gran Via Avenue has reinvigorated this popular district with the construction of new shopping malls and public areas.


La Florida-Les Planes
La Florida-Les Planes: passion and roots. Cultural associations and a lively social life have turned this popular district into one of the most energetic and vital in the whole city. It is home to one of the biggest metropolitan parks in the township. Sports, recreational activities, a relaxed stroll… your call!
La Torrassa
The Espanyola square and the Torrassa park lie at the heart of this popular district, home to some of the best facilities geared towards young people: the old Romero Cinema and the Casa dels Cargols. It still preserves some historic streets packed with little houses that were built in the early 20th century to take in the first migratory wave.
Pubilla Cases
Pubilla Cases, a dynamic and active neighbourhood, breathes an open minded and multicultural air. Its lively streets provide the best of ambiances as well as an exciting range of tapas bars and other culinary establishments. During Holy Week, its mass secular processions are not to be missed.
Sanfeliu
Located in the city’s north-east, it is home to the Can Boixeres park and is next to the most important roads which connect it to the neighbouring cities.
Santa Eulàlia
Santa Eulàlia blends together a dynamic shopping area with important facilities such as the City of Justice. First-class witness to the city’s urbanization, it encourages modernity and acts as a magnetic pole for important art galleries and artist workshops. Focused on the future!
Sant Josep
The city’s true geographical centre, a district blessed with a lively and intense social and cultural activity. Its old factories are paving the way for modern-day cititzen facilities and areas. Here’s where the Tecla Sala Metropolitan Centre, cornerstone of the city’s Cultural District, and the municipal pools are located.