CATALONIA

A BRIEF OVERVIEW

Despite its small size, Catalonia has a long history. From the Pyrenees to the Mediterranean coast, the variety of landscape has long earned Catalonia fame, offering visitors an infinite number of possibilities. Its cities are full of delights, whilst its villages, its beauty spots and its traditions evoke times past whose traces still remain.

The geographical position of Catalonia, the doorway between the Iberian Peninsula and Central Europe, has given it a decidedly pro-European stance, reflected in whole-hearted commitment to the European Union.

Ours is a country of more than seven and a half million inhabitants, with over one thousand years of history and its own language and culture, giving Catalonia its own personality. The famous industrial and productive strength of Catalonia has always gone with a high standard of living index of initiative and progress, particularly in the fields of applications and sciences –from medicine to juridical sciences, passing through chemistry, engineering, linguistics, tourism, agriculture and livestock, navy, the food industries and all kind of services.

Catalans have always been ready to receive people with open arms. We are pleased to welcome people from all over the world to show them our land and traditions. We hope you enjoy your stay.

 

CATALONIA

CULTURAL TOURISM

Catalonia has over one thousand years of history, its own language and its own institutions. Together with its important architectonic and artistic heritage invite you to explore the country. There are many routes to discover Catalonia. We recommend you to visit the following places:

 

1. THE ROUTE OF THE IBERIANS

In the last years we have rediscovered the Iberian culture, developed between the 6th and 1rst centuries BC. In the settlements of the Route of the Iberians, such as Ullastret, Olèrdola and the Citadel of the town of Calafell among others, visitors can discover the Iberian culture and traditions. Museum of Arqueology of Catalonia→

2. CATALONIA AND THE ROMANS

In the 3rd century BC, wars against Cartago made Romans arrive the ancient Greek colony of Emporion (at present called Empúries) and they began to expand All over Catalonia →.  In 2000, the archaeological ensemble of Tárraco (Tarragona) was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

3. THE CATALAN ROMANESQUE ART

Catalonia preserves more than 2,000 Romance works such as churches, monasteries and civil building, a unique paint collection in the world kept in the National Art Museum of Catalonia →. Don’t miss visiting the Catalan Romanesque churches of the Vall de Boí →, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

4. THE ROUTE OF THE CATHARS

The cathars also known as good men, escaped from the Crusade and the Inquisition (in Occitany) to Catalan territories, crossing the Pyrenees, to seek refuge between the 12th and 14th centuries. A route signalled as GR-107 (Long distance route) connects the sanctuary of Queralt, close to Berga village, with the mythical castle of Montsegur, in the French department of Ariège, through the natural Park of Cadí-Moixeró. Route of the Cathars →.

5. JEWISH CATALONIA

The Jewish Communities → communities had an important role in the social, economic and political life of Catalonia from the 10th century on. In the last years, part of their legacy has been recovered after being forgotten since 1492, when Jews were expulsed from Spain. Girona offers you guided tours through the Call de Girona one of the most interesting Jewish quarters in Europe.  Call de Girona →

6. THE RUTA DEL CISTER

There are three Cistercians monasteries in Catalonia located in Santes Creus, Poblet (Unesco’s World Heritage Site) and Vallbona de les Monges. These monasteries make up a route → that includes a visit to the most important surrounding Medieval villages.

7. “DOMUS TEMPLI”, THE KNIGHTS TEMPLARS’ DOMINIONS

In Catalonia, the  templars → conquered cities of major strategic importance such as Tortosa or Lleida. Templars’ heritage include fortified houses, towers and villages, castles and cities such as Miravet or Lleida (castle of Gardeny) of great historic value.

8. MODERNISME WALKING TOURS

The modernisme català → (known worldwide as Art Nouveau Movement), developed between the last decades of the 19th and the first of the 20th centuries as a wide cultural movement. It embraces all arts: music, literature, painting, sculpture and architecture. Antoni Gaudí is the best-known artist and architect of this style. However, we find other important artists such as Lluís Domènech i Montaner, Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Josep Maria Jujol.

9. DALÍ: THE THREE MUSEUMS

An introduction to the world of the genius painter Salvador Dalí → . You can visit the places where he lived and enjoy part of the artist’s legacy: the Theatre-Museum in Figueres, the castle of Púbol and the house in Portlligat (Cadaqués). We remind you that 2004 was declared Dalí Year.

 

MUSEUMS

MNAC | MUSEU NACIONAL D’ART DE CATALUNYA

mnac.cat →

 

MACBA | MUSEU D’ART CONTEMPORANI DE BARCELONA

macba.es →

 

MHC | MUSEU D’HISTÒRIA DE CATALUNYA

http://mhcat.cat →

 

MUHBA | MUSEU D’HISTÒRIA DE BARCELONA

museuhistoria.bcn.cat →

 

SAGRADA FAMILIA

http://sagradafamilia.cat/ →

 

ICUB | BARCELONA CANAL CULTURA

Visit website →

 

COURSES

CONSORTIUM FOR THE LINGUISTIC NORMALIZATION

General information
C/ Mallorca, 272, 8è
08037 Barcelona

Telephone:
93 272 31 00

E-mail:
acollida@cpnl.cat

Web:
cpnl.cat →

___________________

LANGUAGES SERVICE

 

 

LIBRARIES

LIBRARIES FINDER

Visit website →

 

NEIGHBOURHOODS

GETTING TO KNOW THE NEIGHBOURHOODS IN BARCELONA

planol-districtes


Ciutat Vella
Ciutat Vella is the Barcelona’s historical centre. It is subdivided into four large neighbourhoods: the Barceloneta, el Casc Antic (old town centre), the Barri Gòtic (Gothic quarter) and the Raval. Ciutat Vella is a densely populated district with a high building density. Few years ago, it was launched a plan to rehabilitate and modernise the historical centre. As a result, a growth of business and leisure activities has been achieved.

Eixample
The Eixample (Extension) district is the heart of the city. It houses the neighbourhoods of Sant Antoni, Fort Pienc, Sagrada Família, la Dreta de l’Eixample (the right side of the Eixample) and l’Esquerra de l’Eixample (the left side of the Eixample). It is known because of its urban distribution which was designed by the civil engineer Ildefons Cerdà. Originally, it was conceived as a middle-class residential area. The Eixample is characterized by houses with high roofs and long straight streets arranged into a grid of wide avenues and short square blocks to guarantee the people the maximum amount of sunlight.
Gràcia
Gràcia district is the centre of an old town which was annexed to Barcelona in the late XIX century. The district is bounded by the Eixample on the south, and the Collserola mountain range that surrounds Barcelona from north to west. Gràcia houses six neighbourhoods: Gràcia, el Coll, Vallcarca, La Salut, Penitents and Camp d’en Grassot. Gràcia is one of the Barcelona’s most active districts because of the richness of its associations and its cultural offer.
Horta-Guinardó
Horta-Guinardó district is located in the northeast of Barcelona city. District geographic position defines its urban organisation. It houses twelve heterogeneous neighbourhoods that are relatively independent from each other. Urban development and population increase took place in the 1950’s. It is located close to some of the city gardens and parks and has lots of little shops and stores.
Les Corts
Les Corts district is located in the northwest of Barcelona city. It is one of the areas which were annexed to Barcelona in the late XIX century. The Diagonal, famous avenue, divides Les Corts into two parts. Les Corts offers a complex urban landscape with residential areas such as Pedralbes, the residential area par excellence, and the university campus area, with its many faculties and schools belonging to the Universitat de Barcelona and the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. The most commercial and popular area is the Maternitat neighbourhood and the historical centre.

Nou Barris
The Nou Barris district is located on the outskirts of the city, in the northeast periphery. It is located in an area, once mainly rural, which historically was on the outskirts of Barcelona. Its neighbourhoods sprang up during the XX century. Nou Barris is a young district which has developed its own personality and its own neighbours’ associations.

Sant Andreu
Sant Andreu is located in the northeast of Barcelona. Districts limits are the Besòs river and the towns of Sant Adrià and Santa Coloma. The oldest neighbourhood, Sant Andreu, was a town added to the city in the late XIX century. It is made up of seven neighbourhoods that have different origins and different developments. At present time, Sant Andreu encourages many business activities although it respects the important industrial tradition of its historical beginnings.

Sant Martí

Sant Martí district is located in the southeast of Barcelona. District limits are the Besòs river and the town of Sant Adrià. Four clearly defined areas make up Sant Martí: the Clot-Camp de l’Arpa, La Verneda, the Poblenou and Besòs neighbourhoods. This district has undergone a planning transformation which has affected the 22@ area and has implied the recovery of the sea front (Olimpic Village, Diagonal Mar, Fòrum …).

Sants-Montjuïc
The Sants-Montjuïc district is located in the southwest of Barcelona, bounded by two cities: l’Hospitalet de Llobregat and el Prat de Llobregat. It holds a large part of the Montjuïc mountain, the port and the Zona Franca industrial estate, which are not inhabited. The inhabited area is divided into distinguishable parts due to: its process of constructing, its population -made up of people with different origins-, and its strong associative and historic tradition.

Sarrià-Sant Gervasi

Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district is located on the highest part of the city, at the foot of Collserola Park. The neighbourhoods of Sant Gervasi, Sarrià, Vallvidrera and Les Planes are old towns that were annexed to Barcelona in the late XIX and early XX centuries. A large number of important schools, renowned private hospitals and reputated advertising companies are situated in Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district.